Beads From The Royal Tombs At Ur
Some of the most remarkable beads in the ancient world have been found in a graveyard – the tomb of Queen Pu-abi – in the Sumerian city of Ur. Several graves were mass burials that included one noble person and a group of people within them. All of the women and many of the men were buried with beads, and numerous skeletons were found with the beads still in their original arrangements (Dubin, 1995:12).
The Ur cemetery contained graves spanning five hundred years (2500 – 2100 B.C.) and three periods: Early Dynastic III, Akkadian, and Post-Akkadian, each of which had its own distinctive group of beads. Queen Pu-abi’s beads date from the Early Dynastic III period (2500 B.C.), when Ur was the most powerful city- state in Mesopotamia. The beads are of five materials: carnelian, lapis lazuli, agate, gold, and silver. The sophisticated goldsmithing techniques of the Ur beads and the mastery of polishing and precision-cutting of stones show how quickly technology, craftsmanship, and artistry accelerate in the hands of full-time artisans (Dubin, 1995:12).
The power of the rulers at this time in Ur cannot be denied. The fact that all of the materials used in these beads were imported shows the power of royalty to protect trade routes and develop foreign alliances. The power of royalty is also demonstrated by the fact that the largest beads using the finest colored stones were recovered consistently from royal graves (Dubin, 1995)!
The Powers of The Carnelian Stone
The Carnelian stone is powerful because it:
- provides protection and courage;
- brings peace; and
- enhances healing (Cunningham, 2014).
The Carnelian stone has magical uses as well. Carnelian stone is a red form of chalcedony and the people of ancient Egypt wore it on their hands to silence anger, jealousy, envy, and hatred (Cunningham, 2014).
Today, “it is still used to promote peace and harmony and to dispel depression” (Cunningham, 2014:93).
People who are shy wear the Carnelian stone because it helps to increase their courage (Cunningham, 2014).
One of the most common fears today is public speaking, so if you do any public speaking and have fears around it, then the Carnelian stone is the stone that will help you to overcome your fears when you wear it (Cunningham, 2014).
In addition, it:
- strengthens your voice;
- improves your self-confidence; and
- will help you to be more eloquent in your public speaking engagements.
For these purposes, it is best to wear it around your neck (Cunningham, 2014).
The Carnelian stone is also used to:
- counteract doubt and negative thoughts;
- encourage patience;
- prevents others from reading, or trying to read, your thoughts; and
- enhance your health
In Renaissance magic, the carnelian stone was engraved with a sword, or an image of a warrior. Then, this magical amulet was placed in the home to guard it from lightning and storms, or carried as a protectant against enchantments” (Cunningham, 2014:94).
If you would like to give wearable art gifts that are natural, handmade, unique, and incorporate the Carnelian stone, (and/or any other stones that are meaningful to you or the beautiful women in your life,) please contact me for a private jewelry consultation at elizabeth@WirednTwistednStoned.com or (919) 649-2123.
If you have read this far, then you may be interested in two Carnelian necklaces that are on sale this week. Please Click Here to see the Carnelian Quartz Gemstone Necklace and Here to see the Carnelian Garden Beaded Chain Necklace that are both on sale this week only! I decided to put This One, Wire Wrapped Gemstone Druzy Pendant Necklace, on sale as well!
Dubin, Lois Sherr. 1995. The History of Beads: From 30,000 B.C. to the Present, Concise Edition. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Incorporated.
Cunningham, Scott. 2014. Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Crystal, Gem, & Metal Magic. Woodbury, Minnesota: Llewellyn Publications.